Rathi is a milch purpose breed found in a desert area of Rajashtan. It takes its name from a pastoral tribe called Raths who are Muslims of Rajput extraction and lead a nomadic life. Rathi cattle seems to have originated from the mixture of Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Dhanni breeds apparently with a preponderance of Sahiwal blood. Rathi animals are particularly concentrated in Loonkaransar tehsil of Bikaner district which is also known as Rathi tract also found in Ganganagar, Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan. The average age at first calving recorded as 1500 days, lactation length 350 days and inter-calving period 550 days.
The animals are usually brown with white patches all over the body, but animals having completely brown, or black coat with white patches are often encountered. The lower body parts are generally lighter in color as compared to the rest of the body. The horns are curving outward, upward, and inward. Horns are short to medium in size. Face – broad between eyes and slightly dished. Dewlap – Fine and loose. Tail – long, fine tapering to a good black or white switch well below the hock is a prominent feature of this breed. Rathi has an average of 1600 Kg of milk yield per lactation. Rathi cow has average body length ranging from 125 -139 cm, height at wither 107-129 cm and chest girth 156-169 cm.